Origin of the Polynesian people has always been a topic of great interest and debate to world scientists.In fact, millions of dollars is spent every year by top universities like Oxford and Cambridge,
Harvard, Stanford and many others in China, U.S.A and Europe,
seeking to trace the origins of the Polynesian people.They have studied
many populations in Asia, North and South America, Melanesia and Micronesia
and still today no exact match.Analysis of modern scientific data suggests that
Polynesians originated in Polynesia.They were
isolated from an ancient people called the Proto-Polynesians.The Proto-Polynesians
migrated coastally from ancient Europe through Asia into Melanesia and finally into isolated Polynesia,
Samoa-Tonga 2000-500BC.The migrant Proto-Polynesians were an ethnically mixed
Europoid-Mongoloid-Negroid ancient people.They flourished in island isolation
and genetically produced a unique oceanic entity called the ‘Polynesians.’This article clarifies the genetic mechanisms which birthed the Polynesian entity into existence. The overall concept
is termed 'The Polynesian Founder Effect’ and the application of this natural process will further our understanding
upon a topic much debated by the scientific community. A Scientific Perspective
The Hardy-Weinberg Principle of Population Genetics was not met by the Polynesian forebears as
they migrated through the ancient lands of South East Asia into the eastern lands, hence along their migration a new race
of people and a new culture developed in isolation around 2000BC in the Samoa-Tonga realm, Upolu and Savaii.The process which birthed the unique Polynesian entity is scientifically termed ‘Natural selection.’To fully appreciate this process, we need to understand the Hardy-Weinberg Equilibrium
Principle of Population Genetics. The Hardy-Weinberg Equilibrium calls for the following to maintain stable population genetics:
(1) Large populations (2) Random mating (3) No genetic drifts (4) No mutations (5) No genetic migrations
(6) Equal mating opportunity among members.
When these conditions are met, genetics in a population retain stability
without developing of any new species.
Hardy-Weinberg Equilibrium conditions were not met by the Polynesian forebears
as they migrated in small groups from their ancient lands into the realm of Polynesia, Upolu
and Savaii of Samoa-Tonga (Genetic migration and Genetic drifting) 2000-500BC.
PETER AHCHING'S PERSPECTIVE ON THOR HEYERDAHL'S THEORIES
Early work by Thor Heyerdahl of Oslo, Norway a Viking Norwegian proposed the origins of Polynesians from South America.
Kon Tiki was the raft of which took 101 days to reach Eastern Polynesia from South America in 1947. Heyerdahl's theory at
the time 1947 was based on the physical properties of the ocean currents allowing travels or drifting migrations of species
from the Americas into Eastern Polynesia. Heyerdahl's theory supports the presence of certain plants (ocean drifters) common
in coastal Americas and in Eastern Polynesia. The same understanding of ocean currents puzzled Captain James Cook when he
first arrived to Polynesia in 1700s. James Cook soon learned from the Polynesian natives of Tahiti that the ocean currents
& winds switched periodically during the year allowing counter travels & migrations, allowing Polynesian voyages from
West to East Polynesia and vice versa.
Thor Heyerdahl at the time of Kon Tiki in 1947 had not studied Western Polynesia specifically the oldest Polynesian area
of Samoa & Tonga 2000BC. Thor Heyerdahls ideas of Kon Tiki were at the time biased of inclinations of South America &
Eastern Polynesia of where he resided and worked. Kon Tiki proved one thing, various species can reach Eastern Polynesia from
the Americas, hence we find common flora species in coastal Americas and Eastern Polynesia, surely Heyerdahls theory makes
good common sense here.
However according to latest scientific genetic studies 2002 (GENETICS) and 2000 (PNAS) and ancient Polynesian
oratory lineages, unique genetic Polynesians migrated from ...................
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Dedication: The Polynesian Samoan Hawaiian medical terms in books " POLYNESIAN INTERCONNECTIONS " are dedicated to
the late Paramount Ali'i Lei'ataua Le Sa Peter Lei'ataua Ah Ching of Upolu, Manono, Samoa, Hawai'i nei and Pago Pago, American
Samoa, whom was hospitalized at Straub Medical Clinic Hospital in Honolulu, Hawaii 2003. This knowledge of medical Polynesian
terminology is disseminated for the education of nurses and doctors upon caring for the Polynesian people of these Polynesian
islands: Samoa, Tonga, Tahiti, Hawai'i and Aotearoa and the Polynesian triangle at large. Knowledge and a willingness
to learn, communicate and help patients is in essence why people become healthcare workers ideally. God bless & may all
benefit from this endeavor for effective medical care upon patients.
" Ua mo moe toa, malo le fai o le faiva lau susuga Lei'ataua Le Sa, se Tama fa'atamali'i, e tu toa, ma mitamita i
lona Samoa, tausi aiga lelei. Ia vi'ia pea le Atua i ou galuega lelei. O lau pule lea, o ou galuega lava lea. Alofa tele lava
mo oe le Tama peleina. Se'i ta toe oli'oli i le lagi ma le alofa tele lava, lou alo lava lea. E misia lava oe i aso uma, ae
e le galo lava oe la'u Tama peleina."
Fiji ( Bula vinaka ), Tonga ( Malo lelei ) SAMOA ( TaloFa ) ---> MARQUESAS ( TaloHa ) ---> HAWAII ( aloHa
) ---> AOTEAROA New Zealand ( aRoHa ). Tahiti ( Iorana ).
References. (1) Pacific Journals. (2) GENETICS 2002 (3) PNAS 2000 (4) World Encyclopedias. (5) Polynesian Cultural
Center in Laie, Hawaii. (6) Hawaiian King David Kalakaua 1888, Legends & Myths of Hawaii. (7) Hawaiian Legends of Ghosts
and Ghost-Gods, by W.D. Westervelt. Boston, G.H. Ellis Press . (8) An Account of the Polynesian Race: Its Origins and
Migrations, and the Ancient History of the Hawaiian People to the Times of Kamehameha I. Abraham Fornander. Mutual Publishing
Company 1996. (9) Ruling Chiefs of Hawaii. Samuel Manaiakalani Kamakau & M.K. Pukui. Kamehameha School Press, 1995. (10)
The Polynesians Prehistory of an Island People. Peter S. Bellwood. Thames and Hudson Ltd. London, 1978. (11) The Kumulipo
A Hawaiian Creation Chant. Martha W. Beckwith. University Press of Hawaii. 1972. (12) Polynesian Interconnections. Peter Leiataua
AhChing. Lulu Press Inc, 2003. (13) Vikings of the Sunrise. Peter H. Buck. Whitecombe and Tombs, 1954.
Copyright 2003-05 Peter Leiataua AhChing at John A. Burns School of Medicine, University of Hawaii at Manoa.
Hawaii Federal & State Judiciary Courts Officer
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